Circular cause and consequence is where the consequence of a thing is also the cause. Often the mere contemplation of the consequence is what causes the consequence.
Circular Cause and Consequent Example
Religious fundamentalist become so infatuated with apocalyptic prophecy their fear and agitation leads to violence, destruction, and death.
Worrying about doing bad on a test causes so much anxiety that you forget many answers, the consequence (doing bad on the test) ended up causing itself due to the mere thought of it.
The fear the stock market will crash causes people to stop investing thus causing the stock crash.
Tactical Uses of Circular Cause and Consequent
Use of this fallacy is seen by having foresight into behavior within a system. So let’s look at how this is tactically used and how we can point it out. Someone might say that the Jews returning to Israel/Palestine is proof of biblical prophecy. However, if one sees the behavior within the system we can then see that the mere prophecy existing might be the cause for the Jews returning to Israel/Palestine. By merely having the prophecy in the religion causes many Jews to strive to return home, and Christians to help them.